Distribution Map

Horned Adder – Bitis caudalis

VENOMOUS
Size:
Averaging 30cm adults may reach just over 60cm.
Description:
An attractive and highly variable stocky snake a single distinct horn above each eye (these may be very reduced in some individuals). Occurring in an array of colours from peachy orange, grey/white, sandy brown, rich reddy-pinks and light brown with dusty blues and greys associated with bold blotches/markings across the back. Common and widespread snake across much of the arid regions in South Africa. Favouring dry sandy soils and rocky grassy associated hill sides in some parts. A popular snake in the reptile trade these animals are collected in high numbers but due to their requirements many don’t survive long due to poor husbandry. A cytotoxic venom which can lead to extreme pain, severe swelling, and localised neurosis.
Anti-venom:
Anti-venom is not used or effective in the treatment of these bites.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Henties Bay, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Henties Bay, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Merweville, Western Cape.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Merweville, Western Cape.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From near Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From near Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From near Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From near Swakopmund, Namibia.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Near Prince Albert, Klein Karoo.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Near Prince Albert, Klein Karoo.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Merweville, Western Cape.

Bitis caudalis

Horned Adder. From Springbok, Northern Cape.